Virginia - Solar Rights

November 14, 2023


According to state law, community associations in Virginia generally may not prohibit a homeowner from installing or using a solar energy collection device on their property. A community association may, however, establish reasonable restrictions concerning the size, place, manner of placement of individual solar devices or restrict the installation of solar devices on common areas within the development served by the community association. Restriction imposed by a community association will be deemed unreasonable if it increases the installation cost by five percent or more, or if it reduces the energy production ten percent below the proposed installation's projected energy production. Any resale certificate given to a purchaser must contain a statement setting forth any restriction, limitation, or prohibition on the right of an owner to install or use solar energy collection devices on his property.

In the context of this law, a solar energy device is a system "manufactured and sold for the sole purpose of facilitating the collection and beneficial use of solar energy, including passive heating panels or building components and solar photovoltaic apparatus."


Program Overview

Implementing Sector: State
Category: Regulatory Policy
State: Virginia
Incentive Type: Solar/Wind Access Policy
Web Site:
Start Date:
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:
  • Solar - Passive
  • Solar Water Heat
  • Solar Photovoltaics
  • Solar Pool Heating


Name: Va. Code § 55.1-1820.1
Effective Date: 10/01/2022


Name: Department of Environmental Quality
Address: 1105 East Main Street, Ste. 1400
Richmond VA 23219
Phone: (804) 698-4000

This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.