Vermont Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards

August 24, 2023


Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts*, and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency standard. Much of the information in this summary comes from the Appliance Standards Awareness Project (ASAP). Visit the ASAP web site for comprehensive information about appliance standards. See the Department of Energy Appliance Standards website for additional information on the federal standards.

In February 2006, Vermont established appliance efficiency legislation through bill H.0253, An Act Relating to Establishing Energy Efficiency Standards For Certain Appliances. This Act created minimum efficiency standards for certain products sold or installed in Vermont. Note, standards for medium voltage dry-type distribution transformers and metal halide lamp fixtures have been pre-empted by federal standards. 

In May 2018, the Vermont Legislature passed H.410, an act relating to appliance efficiency, energy planning, and electric vehicle parking. Additionally, the state is phasing out the sale of fluorescent lighting. Screw-base CFL bulbs were phased out on February 17, 2023, and pin-base CFL and fluorescent tubes will be phased out on January 1, 2024.  The following products with provisions included in the 2018 bill have an effective date of 01/01/2020 and are not preempted by federal law:

  •  Commercial dishwashers  
  •  Commercial Fryers    
  •  Commercial Steam Cookers 
  •  Compressors
  •  Computers and Computer Systems
  •  Faucets 
  •  General Service Lamps
  •  HIgh-CRI Linear Fluorescent Lamps
  •  Hot Food Holding Cabinets
  •  Portable Air Conditioners
  •  Portable electric spas
  •  Residential Ventilating Fans
  •  Showerheads 
  •  Spray Sprinkler Bodies 
  • Uninterruptible Power Supplies
  • Urinals 
  •  Water Coolers 

*These acts include the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987, the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.

Program Overview

Implementing Sector: State
Category: Regulatory Policy
State: Vermont
Incentive Type: Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards
Web Site:
Start Date:
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:
  • Lighting
  • Boilers
  • Air conditioners
  • Compressed air
  • Commercial Cooking Equipment
  • Personal Computing Equipment
Equipment Requirements: Specified in standards
Test Methods: Specified in standards or Vermont residential building energy standards
Certification Requirements: Manufacturers certify to the VT Department of Public Service that products are in compliance with minimum efficiency requirements. The DPS promulgates regulations governing the certification of products and may coordinate with the certification programs of other states and federal agencies.
Review: Not specified; increased efficiency standards for the products currently covered may be adopted.
Implementing Agency: VT Department of Public Service


Name: 9 V.S.A. § 2791, et seq.
Name: H. 410
Date Enacted: 05/21/2018
Effective Date: 01/01/2020


Name: Public Information
Organization: Vermont Public Service Department
Address: 112 State Street, Third Floor
Montpelier VT 05620-2601
Phone: (802) 828-2811
Name: Brian Cotterill
Organization: Vermont Public Service
Phone: (802) 828-3212

This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.