Puerto Rico - Net Metering

March 23, 2023


Puerto Rico enacted net-metering legislation in August 2007, allowing customers of Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, now LUMA, to use electricity generated by solar, wind or "other" renewable-energy resources to offset their electricity usage.

The Puerto Rico Energy Public Policy Act of 2019 guaranteed availability of net metering for 5 years, and calls for a review of the program to be conducted by April 2024.

Eligibility and Availability

This law applies to residential systems with a generating capacity of up to 25 kilowatts (kW) and non-residential systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity. Senate Bill 2472 of 2012 increased the capacity limit to 5 MW for non-residential customers connected to transmission or sub-transmission lines.

Net Excess Generation

Customer net excess generation (NEG) is carried over as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit to the following month. Customers with excess credits remaining at the end of a 12-month period (ending in June) will be compensated as follows: 75% of the excess credits will be purchased by LUMA at a rate of $0.10 per kWh or "the amount resulting from the subtraction of the adjusted fuel fee based on the variable costs incurred by the public corporation exclusively for the purchase of fuel and energy, from the total price charged by the public utility to its customers, converted into kilowatt-hours, whichever is greater". The remaining 25% will be granted to LUMA to distribute as a credit or reduction applied to the electricity bills of public schools.

Special Provisions
System owners must use a bi-directional meter installed by an expert electrician. Systems must comply with the standards and specifications on minimum efficiency requirements established by the Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration (EAA) or another designated government body. In 2008, legislation (SB 2377 a.k.a. Act 211) was enacted that removed the requirement that systems be installed by a North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) installer, and instead established that all systems must be installed by an electrical engineer or expert electrician that is registered with the EAA and meets the additional EAA requirements for renewable energy system installers. All equipment must be guaranteed for at least five years by the manufacturer or distributor. Installations must incorporate emissions and noise-control mitigation measures, when applicable.

Program Administrator Type
PREPA adopted the necessary regulations for compliance with this law in October 2008 and established the procedures for applying for net metering. As of 2021, PREPA must also develop and implement educational campaigns designed to inform consumers of the benefits of net metering and of available renewable-energy technologies.

Program Overview

Implementing Sector: State
Category: Regulatory Policy
State: Puerto Rico
Incentive Type: Net Metering
Web Site: https://lumapr.com/net-metering-steps/?lang=en
Start Date:
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:
  • Solar Photovoltaics
  • Wind (All)
  • Wind (Small)
  • Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Applicable Utilities: LUMA
System Capacity Limit: 5 MW for non-residential connected to transmission or sub-transmission lines; 1 MW for non-residential connected to distribution lines; 25 kW for residential
Aggregate Capacity Limit: No limit specified
Net Excess Generation: Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate (with certain limitations); excess reconciled annually
Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits: Not addressed
Meter Aggregation: Not addressed


Name: PREPA Reglamento 7579 (Net Metering Regulations - In Spanish)
Date Enacted: 09/2008
Effective Date: 10/07/2008
Name: Act No. 114-2007 (as amended)
Date Enacted: 08/16/2007


Name: Autoridad de Energía Eléctrica (AEE)
Address: PO Box 364267
San Juan PR 00936
Phone: (787) 521-3434
Email: info@prepa.pr.gov
Name: LUMA -- Net Metering
Organization: LUMA
Address: PO Box 363508
San Juan PR 00936-3508
Phone: (+18) 448-8858
Email: NEM@lumapr.com

This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.