New Jersey Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards

July 08, 2021


NOTE: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency standard. Much of the information in this summary comes from the Appliance Standards Awareness Project (ASAP). Visit the ASAP web site for comprehensive information about appliance standards.

New Jersey Energy Efficiency Product Standards, enacted in 2005, include minimum standards for eight products, which were preempted by the federal Energy Policy Act of 2005. Future standards, if any, adopted by New Jersey will not apply to products manufactured in the State and sold outside the State, new products manufactured outside the State and sold at wholesale inside the State for final retail sale and installation outside the State, products installed in mobile manufactured homes at the time of construction, or products designed expressly for installation and use in recreational vehicles. 

The Board of Public Utilities (BPU) in consultation with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, must adopt testing procedures if procedures are not provided for in the standard building code of New Jersey. The board shall use United States Department of Energy approved test methods, or other appropriate nationally-recognized test methods. Manufacturers certify to the board that products are in compliance with the standards.

On January 11, 2021, the New Jersey Legislature introduced an energy and water efficiency bill with provisions similar to those passed  in states like New York, Vermont, and Massachusetts. 

* These acts include the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987, the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.

Program Overview

Implementing Sector: State
Category: Regulatory Policy
State: New Jersey
Incentive Type: Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards
Web Site:
Start Date:
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:
Equipment Requirements: All state-developed standards have been preempted by federal regulation
Test Methods: Standard New Jersey building code or United States Department of Energy approved test methods
Certification Requirements: Manufacturers certify to the New Jersey Commissioner of Environmental Protection that specified products meet minimum efficiency standards.
Review: Not specified
Implementing Agency: New Jersey Board of Public Utilities and the Commissioner of Environmental Protection


Name: NJ Rev Stat § 48:3-99 (2013)
Name: N.J.A.C. 14:8-7.1 et seq.
Effective Date: 01/07/2008


Name: Receptionist Desk
Organization: New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
Address: 2 Gateway Center
Newark NJ 07102
Phone: (609) 777-3300

This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.