Interconnection Standards

January 14, 2024


Massachusetts' interconnection standards apply to all forms of distributed generation (DG), including renewables, and all customers of the state's three investor-owned utilities (Unitil, Eversource, and National Grid).

Massachusetts requires investor-owned utilities to have standard interconnection tariffs. There are three basic paths for interconnection in the state:

  • The Simplified interconnection process applies to IEEE 1547.1-certified, inverter-based facilities with: 
    1. A power rating of 15 kW or less for single-phase systems located on a radial distribution circuit, 
    2. A power rating of 25 kW or less for three-phase systems located on a radial distribution circuit (where the aggregated facility capacity is less than 15% of the feeder/circuit annual peak load, and if available, line segment), 
    3. A power rating of less than 1/15 of the customer's minimum load and located on a spot network, or 
    4. A power rating of less than 1/15 of the customer's minimum load and 15 kW or less and located on an area network. 
  • The Expedited interconnection process applies to:
    • 1) Inverter-based facilities 15 kW or greater for single-phase systems, 
    • 2) Inverter-based facilities 25 kW or greater for 3-phase systems, and 
    • 3) Other systems of all sizes that are served by radial systems and meet certain other requirements. 
  • The Standard process is for all other facilities that do not meet the specifications of the Simplified or Expedited process, including systems on all networks. 

If a project fails the Expedited screens, it must pass one or more supplemental review screens, otherwise, it must go through the full standard review process. Massachusetts uses a 100% minimum load penetration screen in the supplemental review process. If the generating capacity is less than 100% of the minimum load, it may not require a detailed study. In addition to these different paths, for all systems 250 kW or greater, facility owners must request and receive a pre-application report from the utility. The pre-application report is optional for facilities less than 250 kW; a $100 fee is charged for this report.

For the simplified and expedited interconnection paths, technical requirements are based on the IEEE 1547 and UL 1741 standards. A manual external disconnect switch may be required at the discretion of the utility (project-specific, not required in the tariffs). Utilities must collect and track information on the interconnection process. This information will be used in revising and updating the standards.

To find out more about Massachusetts' net metering rules click here

Program Overview

Implementing Sector: State
Category: Regulatory Policy
State: Massachusetts
Incentive Type: Interconnection
Web Site:
Start Date:
Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:
  • Geothermal Electric
  • Solar Thermal Electric
  • Solar Photovoltaics
  • Wind (All)
  • Biomass
  • Hydroelectric
  • Municipal Solid Waste
  • Combined Heat & Power
  • Fuel Cells using Non-Renewable Fuels
  • Landfill Gas
  • Wind (Small)
  • Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
  • Other Distributed Generation Technologies
  • Lithium-ion
Applicable Utilities: Investor-owned utilities
System Capacity Limit: 10 MW for net metering by a municipality or other governmental entity; 2 MW for all other "Class III" systems; 1 MW for all other "Class II" systems; 60 kW for all other "Class I" systems
Standard Agreement: Yes
Insurance Requirements: Varies by system size, type, and sector; levels established by the Department of Public Utilities
External Disconnect Switch: Utility's discretion
Net Metering Required: No


Name: M.G.L. ch. 164, § 138-140
Name: Interconnection Tariffs


Name: Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities
Address: 1 South Station, 5th Floor
Boston MA 02110
Phone: (617) 305-3500

This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.