NOTE: Next round of solicitation is expected to open on July 1st, 2015.
In July 2011, Connecticut enacted legislation amending the state's Renewables Portfolio Standard and creating two new classes of renewable energy credits (RECs): Zero Emission Renewable Energy Credits (ZRECs) and Low Emission Renewable Energy Credits (LRECs).
The state's two investor-owned electric utilities, United Illuminating (UI) and Connecticut Light & Power (CL&P) must enter into 15-year contracts for RECs from zero-emission "Class I" renewable energy facilities (on the customer side of the meter) larger than 100 kilowatts (kW) but not larger than one megawatt (MW). Zero-emission Class I facilities include solar, wind and hydro generators. Resulting zero emission RECs (ZRECs) may be used for RPS compliance during the year of generation or the subsequent year. Utilities are required to spend $8 million on ZREC contracts annually.* The price cap of one ZREC in 2012 was $350, $325.50 in 2013, and $302.71 in 2014. The Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority (PURA) may reduce the ZREC price cap annually by 3% to 7%.
The two utilities also must enter into 15-year contracts for RECs from low-emission Class I renewable energy facilities (on the customer side of the meter) up to 2 MW. The law establishes the emission criteria required to achieve "low-emission facility" status, but this category could include facilities that generate electricity using fuel cells, biomass or landfill gas. Resulting low-emission RECs (LRECs) may be used for RPS compliance during the year of generation or the subsequent year. Utilities are required to spend up to $4 million on LREC contracts annually.* The price cap of one LREC was $200 in 2012 and 2013.
The utilities jointly submitted their six-year solicitation plan in December 2011 and issued their first request for proposals (RFP) in May 2012. Winning bids are evaluated based on project quality, proposed ZREC or LREC price, and compliance with the RFP process. Bids must be submitted by email. Projects must be located in CL&P's or UI's service territory.
* PURA is authorized to review this budget and make adjustments after Year 3 for LRECs and Year 4 for ZRECs. It may terminate the program entirely if technology costs do not continue to fall. Because the utilities must spend $8 million per year on new 15-year ZREC contracts and $4 million per year on new 15-year LREC contracts, the total value of the annual solicitation is $120 million for ZRECs and $60 million for LRECs.
|Incentive Type:||Performance-Based Incentive|
|Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:||
|Incentive Amount:||Prices determined through competitive solicitation|
|Maximum Incentive:||Maximum Bid price for Year 3 (2014): $302.71 per ZREC; $200 per LREC|
|Terms:||15-year standard contract|
|Eligible System Size:||
ZRECs: Projects larger than 100 kW and up to 1 MW in nameplate capacity
LRECs: Projects up to 2 MW in nameplate capacity
|Equipment Requirements:||Must have been installed after July 1, 2011|
|Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits:||Utility|
|Name:||S.B. 1243 (Public Act 11-80)|
|Name:||Conn. Gen. Stat. Â§ 16-244r et seq.|
|Name:||LREC/ZREC Solicitation Information|
|Organization:||The United Illuminating Company|
157 Church St
New Haven CT 06510
This information is sourced from DSIRE; the most comprehensive source of information on incentives and policies that support renewables and energy efficiency in the United States. Established in 1995, DSIRE is operated by the N.C. Clean Energy Technology Center at N.C. State University.
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