The United States loses approximately 7% of electricity during transmission and distribution. This equates to about 67 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually or about 1.5% of total electricity generated in the US.
Electricity transmission refers to the process of transmitting electricity from power plants to the electrical grid, which is a network of power lines, transformers, and other equipment that is used to distribute electricity to consumers. This is typically done at high voltages in order to reduce the amount of energy lost during transmission.
Electricity distribution, on the other hand, refers to the process of distributing electricity from the electrical grid to individual consumers. This is typically done at lower voltages and involves the use of local distribution networks, such as power lines and transformers, to deliver electricity to homes and businesses. Both transmission and distribution are important parts of the overall electricity system, and they play a critical role in ensuring that electricity is delivered to consumers in a reliable and efficient manner.