How Many Watts Does a Refrigerator Use? [Or Mini-Fridge]

How Many Watts Does a Refrigerator Use? [Or Mini-Fridge]

No kitchen is complete without a refrigerator. But your fridge maybe adding a hefty charge to your energy bill?

Thad Warren By Thad Warren

No kitchen is complete without a refrigerator. But did you know that your fridge may be adding a hefty charge to your energy bill? It might surprise you how much it costs to keep your food fresh. Fortunately, there are several easy ways to increase your fridge’s energy efficiency. 

It’s important to calculate how many watts your refrigerator uses to understand its burden on your electric bill and what you can do to lower costs. 

How many watts does a refrigerator use?

The average home refrigerator uses 350-780 watts.

Refrigerator power usage depends on different factors, such as what kind of fridge you own, its size and age, the kitchen’s ambient temperature, the type of refrigerator, and where you place it. 

Different types of fridges have different power requirements. For example, a new Energy-Star certified refrigerator runs up to 9 percent more efficiently than other models — and significantly more so than older appliances. Small, mini-fridges require less power than full-sized kitchen refrigerators. Additionally, top-mount fridges are more energy efficient than their side-by-side counterparts. 

How Many Watts Does a Mini-Fridge Use?

Mini-fridge wattages vary based on cooling capabilities and manufacturer, but most products require somewhere between 50 and 100 watts of power.

Like other appliances, mini-fridge power consumption details will be listed within your owner's manual (in watts). Advancements in technology allow newer models to keep food and drinks chilled using less power than offerings on the market several years back. This is why most small refrigerators only run for about eight hours, one-third of the day.

How much electricity does a mini fridge use? This will depend on how often you use the mini-fridge or keep it plugged in. Energy Star mentions that the majority of small refrigerators today use 310 kWh or less. You can expect significant savings annually using a mini-fridge for temperature-controlled storage versus a larger appliance if one suits your applications.

Estimate your refrigerator's power consumption

If you’re wondering about how much electricity your refrigerator uses, there’s an easy way to calculate this power consumption. To determine the wattage of your refrigerator, look at the sticker inside your fridge and search for the number of volts and amps. Multiply these numbers to determine how many watts your fridge uses. 

For example, an old refrigerator could have a 115 V and 6.5 amps, for a total of 747.5 watts. A newer Energy Star-certified fridge, on the other hand, might have 117 V and 3.3 amps, for a wattage of 379.5 watts. 

However, refrigerators have a significantly lower running wattage because they cycle on and off throughout the day. As a rough estimate, you can divide the wattage you calculated by 3 to estimate the running wattage. 

Now that you have the wattage of your refrigerator, it’s easy to estimate your electricity costs.

Here’s an example of the math broken down:

750 watts / 3 = 250 watts per day

250 watts x 24 hours = 6,000 watts

6,000 watts / 1,000 watts = 6 kilowatt hours

6 kWh x $0.10 per kWh = $0.60 per day

In the example above, the refrigerator costs $0.60 per day to power, which comes out to $18 a month or $219 per year. 

Best energy-efficient refrigerators

Purchasing an energy-efficient refrigerator can have a major effect on reducing your electricity usage. Unfortunately, less usage usually means sacrificing the size of your refrigerator in favor of energy efficiency. No matter what size you need, comparing energy usage and Energy Star ratings is key. 

Appliances will have a yellow Energy Star label with "Energy Guide" at the top. This label makes it easy to see an annual estimate of energy usage (kWh). The less usage, the more energy-efficient. 

3 Of The Most Energy Efficient Refrigerators

Using a generator to run your refrigerator

If you live in a place where power outages are frequent, or you’ve lost power due to a storm, you may be considering a generator to power your refrigerator. But before you plug in the generator, here’s what you need to know. 

What size generator do I need to run a refrigerator?

First, as outlined above, you need to know how many watts your refrigerator uses. To start your generator, the motor needs more power to start than it does to run. For example, your 750-watt fridge may have a startup wattage of 1,200 watts. In this case, a 1,500-watt generator would be able to run your refrigerator. Confirm the startup wattage in your manufacturer’s manual. 

Will a 5,000-watt generator run a refrigerator?

A 5,000-watt generator should provide more than enough power to run a refrigerator, with power left to spare. Most home refrigerators need around 2,000 starting watts of power. 

Can a 2,000-watt generator run a refrigerator?

Depending on the wattage of your refrigerator, a 2,000-watt generator should power most home fridges. Be sure to check your fridge’s wattage and starting wattage beforehand to avoid accidentally overloading the generator. 

Can a generator damage a refrigerator? 

It’s possible for a generator to damage a refrigerator, though it is not typically a sensitive appliance. Your fridge could overheat if your generator is too small to handle its starting wattage.

How to optimize refrigerator power usage

You can decrease your refrigerator’s power usage through proper maintenance and a few simple habit changes. Here are a few ways you can reduce the amount of energy your refrigerator uses. 

1. Keep the fridge door closed for as much time as possible 

Do your best to avoid gazing longingly into the refrigerator to decide what you want for a snack. Leaving the door open lets cool air out and warm air in which causes the fridge to work harder to maintain its normal temperature. 

2. Replace your old fridge with an Energy Star-certified refrigerator.

New, Energy Star-certified fridges run much more efficiently and use less energy than older models. Investing in a new fridge can pay off on your electric bill.

3. Keep fridge coils clean

It’s normal for the condenser coils to clog and pick up dust and pet hair. However, when this happens, the condenser has to work harder, which consumes more energy and could lead to expensive maintenance work. 

4. Place your fridge in a cool, dark location 

If you set up your refrigerator near heat sources or sunlight, it needs to work against the elements to keep the contents cool which eats up valuable energy. 

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